Friday, February 8, 2013
Matheis FL, Walser-Reinhardt, Spiess BM. Canine neurogenic keratoconjunctivitis sicca: 11 cases (2006-2010). Vet Opthalmol 2012; 15: 288-290. Abstract.
PubMed ID (PMID): 22051024
Comments: This short communication is about an uncommon cause of keratoconjunctivitis sicca that is often accompanied by usually unilateral (ipsilateral) dry nose with hyperkeratosis and/or crusting. If nasal lesions are present, damage to the preganglionic parasympathetic fibers proximal to the pterygopalatine ganglion is suspected. Treatment with oral pilocarpine drops appears to yield some benefit. Note: this paper does not provide much detail on nasal lesions, but it explains, in the introduction, the neurologic basis of this syndrome.
Joly P, Litrowski N. Pemphigus group (vulgaris, vegetans, foliaceus, herpetiformis, brasiliensis). Clin Dermatol 2011; 29: 432-436. Abstract.
PubMed ID (PMID): 21679871
Comments: This paper is a short review of the epidemiology, clinical signs, histopathology and immunologic characteristics and prognosis of the most common variants of pemphigus in humans. This paper does not cover the treatment options for each disease.